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A New Kind of Science



Stephen WolframThree centuries ago science was transformed by the dramatic new idea that rules based on mathematical equations could be used to describe the natural world. My purpose in this book is to initiate another such transformation, and to introduce a new kind of science that is based on the much more general types of rules that can be embodied in simple computer programs.
Von Stephen Wolfram im Buch A New Kind of Science (2002) im Text The Foundations for a New Kind of Science auf Seite 1
This long-awaited work from one of the world's most respected scientists presents a series of dramatic discoveries never before made public. Starting from a collection of simple computer experiments---illustrated in the book by striking computer graphics---Wolfram shows how their unexpected results force a whole new way of looking at the operation of our universe.
Wolfram uses his approach to tackle a remarkable array of fundamental problems in science: from the origin of the Second Law of thermodynamics, to the development of complexity in biology, the computational limitations of mathematics, the possibility of a truly fundamental theory of physics, and the interplay between free will and determinism.
Written with exceptional clarity, and illustrated by more than a thousand original pictures, this seminal book allows scientists and non-scientists alike to participate in what promises to be a major intellectual revolution.
Von Klappentext im Buch A New Kind of Science (2002)

iconBemerkungen zu diesem Buch

Stephen WolframThe core of this book can be viewed as introducing a major generalization of mathematics - with new ideas and methods, and vast new areas to be explored.
Von Stephen Wolfram im Buch A New Kind of Science (2002) im Text The Foundations for a New Kind of Science auf Seite 7
Stephen WolframClarity and modesty. There is a common style of understated scientific writing to which I was once a devoted subscriber. But at some point I discovered that more significant results are usually incomprehensible if presented in this style. For unless one has a realistic understanding of how important something is, it is very difficult to place or absorb it. And so in writing this book I have chosen to explain straightforwardly the importance I believe my various results have. Perhaps I might avoid some criticism by a greater display of modesty, but the cost would be a drastic reduction in clarity.
Von Stephen Wolfram im Buch A New Kind of Science (2002)

iconKapitel Unter den anklickbaren Kapiteln finden Sie Informationen über einzelne Teile des gewählten Werks.

icondieses Buch erwähnt...

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Aristoteles, Charles Babbage, Vannevar Bush, Noam Chomsky, Alonzo Church, Charles Darwin, Demokrit, René Descartes, Albert Einstein, M. C. Escher, Richard Feynmann, Frege, Galileo Galilei, Carl Friedrich Gauss, James Gleick, Kurt Gödel, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Hermann Haken, Donald Hebb, Martin Heisenberg, David Hilbert, Hobbes, Douglas Hofstadter, Immanuel Kant, Johannes Kepler, Donald E. Knuth, Leibniz, Stanislaw Lem, Ernst Mach, Benoit Mandelbrot, Warren McCulloch, Marvin Minsky, John von Neumann, Isaac Newton, Blaise Pascal, Peano, Roger Penrose, Jean Piaget, Walter Pitts, Platon, Henri Poincaré, Karl R. Popper, Ilya Prigogine, Arturo Rosenblueth, Bertrand Russell, Carl Sagan, Erwin Schrödinger, Claude Shannon, George Spencer-Brown, Alan Turing, Alfred North Whitehead, Benjamin Lee Whorf, Norbert Wiener, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Stephen Wolfram, Konrad Zuse

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Können Computer denken?Can computers think?
P=NP ?
Was ist Leben?

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Algorithmusalgorithm, analog, Analogieanalogy, Animismus, Bedeutung, BerechenbarkeitComputability, Biologiebiology, Chaoschaos, Chaostheoriechoas theory, Church-Turing-These, Computercomputer, Computerviruscomputer virus, Computer-Wurm, Datendata, Denkenthinking, Determinismusdeterminism, Digitalisierung, DNS, Epistemologie (Erkenntnistheorie)epistemology, Evolutionevolution, Evolutionstheorie von Darwin, Farbecolor, Farbwahrnehmungcolor perception, Fehlererror, Fraktalefractals, Game of LifeGame of Life, Gedächtnismemory, Gehirnbrain, Geometriegeometry, Gödelsches Theorem, Goldbachsche Vermutung, Gottgod, GUI (Graphical User Interface)Graphical User Interface, Halteproblem, Hardwarehardware, Hopfieldnetz, Informatikcomputer science, Intelligenzintelligence, Intuition, Kommunikationcommunication, Komplexitätcomplexity, Komplexitätstheorie, Kryptographiecryptography, Kunst, Künstliche Intelligenz (KI / AI)artificial intelligence, Künstliches Leben (Artificial life)Artificial life, Kybernetikcybernetics, Lebenlife, Logiklogic, Mathematikmathematics, Monte-Carlo-Algorithmen, Musterpattern, Naturnature, Nervensystemnervous system, Neuronales Netzneural network, Neurophysiologie, NP, NP-completeNP-complete, Optimierung, P (PTIME), Parallelrechner, Peano-Axiome, Philosophiephilosophy, Physikphysics, Primzahlen, Programmiersprachenprogramming languages, Psychologiepsychology, Quantencomputer, Quantenmechanik, Raum / Ortspace / place, Redundanzredundancy, Rekursionrecursion, Retinaretina, Schlafsleep, Selbstorganisationself organisation, Selbstreplikation, Softwaresoftware, Sprachelanguage, Statistikstatistics, Symmetrie, Systemsystem, Systemtheoriesystem theory, Taoismustaoism, Teleologie, Traveling Salesman ProblemTraveling Salesman Problem, Turing-Maschineturing machine, Turing-Testturing test, Unentscheidbarkeitundecideability, Unschärferelation, Verantwortungresponsability, Verhalten, Wahrnehmungperception, Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie, Willensfreiheitfree will, Wissenschaftscience, Zahlennumber, Zeittime, Zelluläre AutomatenSelf-Reproducing Automata, Zufall
Jahr UmschlagTitelAbrufeIBOBKBLB
1969    Laws of Form (George Spencer-Brown) 3, 2, 5, 4, 7, 4, 4, 7, 10, 2, 2, 4431044637
Jahr UmschlagTitelAbrufeIBOBKBLB
1931    Über formal unentscheidbare Sätze der Principia Mathematica und verwandter Systeme (Kurt Gödel) 3, 3, 4, 2, 11, 3, 4, 2, 5, 6, 7, 223326120
1936On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem (Alan Turing) 5, 2, 8, 2, 5, 7, 1, 3, 7, 6, 3, 240322280
1983Statistical mechanics of cellular automata (Stephen Wolfram) 2, 1, 3, 1, 1, 3, 2, 3, 3, 1, 1, 8518853

icondieses Buch erwähnt nicht... Eine statistisch erstelle Liste von nicht erwähnten (oder zumindest nicht erfassten) Begriffen, die aufgrund der erwähnten Begriffe eine hohe Wahrscheinlichkeit aufweisen, erwähnt zu werden.


iconZitate im Buch

Stephen WolframIn my experience the single most common mistake in doing computer experiments is to look at Systems that are vastly more complicated than is necessary.
Von Stephen Wolfram im Buch A New Kind of Science (2002) im Text The World of Simple Programs auf Seite 110
Stephen WolframOver and over again the single most important principle that I have learned is that the best computer experiments are ones that are as simple and straightforward as possible.
Von Stephen Wolfram im Buch A New Kind of Science (2002) im Text The World of Simple Programs auf Seite 109
Stephen WolframThe key unifying idea that has allowed me to formulate the Principle of Computational Equivalence is a simple but immensely powerful one: that all processes, whether they are produced by human effort or occur spontaneously in nature, can be viewed as computations.
Von Stephen Wolfram im Buch A New Kind of Science (2002) im Text The Principle of Computational Equivalence auf Seite 715
Stephen WolframAnd I suspect that in fact the cun it predominance of partial differential equations is in many respects a historical accident - and that had Computer ter.hnnlogy been developed earlier in the history of mathematics, the Situation would probably now be very different.
Von Stephen Wolfram im Buch A New Kind of Science (2002) im Text Systems Based on Numbers auf Seite 162


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icon17 Erwähnungen Dies ist eine nach Erscheinungsjahr geordnete Liste aller im Biblionetz vorhandenen Werke, die das ausgewählte Thema behandeln.

iconCo-zitierte Bücher



Die Debatte um künstliche Intelligenz, Bewusstsein und die Gesetze der Physik

The Emperor’s New Mind

(Roger Penrose) (1989)    

Understanding Computers and Cognition

A New Foundation for Design

(Terry Winograd, Fernando Flores) (1987)    


or Control and Communication in the Animal

(Norbert Wiener) (1963)   

The Age of Spiritual Machines

When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence

(Ray Kurzweil) (1999)   


An Introduction to Comparative Psychology

(John Broadus Watson) (1914)

Conjectures and Refutations

(Karl R. Popper) (1963)


The Connected Lives of Ants, Brains, Cities, and Software

(Steven Johnson) (2001)

On the origin of species

by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life

(Charles Darwin) (1859)  

Free Culture

How Big Media Uses Technology and the Law to Lock Down Culture and Control Creativity

(Lawrence Lessig) (2004)    

Computers as Theatre

(Brenda Laurel) (1991)

Augmenting Human Intellect

A Conceptual Framework

(Douglas C. Engelbart) (1968)    

The Singularity Is Near

when humans transcend biology

(Ray Kurzweil) (2005)   

The Closed World

Computers and the Politics of Discourse in Cold War America

(Paul N. Edwards) (1996)

Interactive Computation

The New Paradigm

(Dina Q. Goldin, Scott A. Smolka, Peter Wegner) (2006)

How the Mind Works

(Steven Pinker)   

Science In Action

How to Follow Scientists and Engineers through Society

(Bruno Latour) (1987)

Metaphors We Live By

(G. Lakoff, Mark Johnson)   


The Future of a Radical Price

(Chris Anderson) (2009)   

iconExterne Links

Auf dem WWW http://www.wolframscience.com/: Official Web Site of the Book ( WWW: Link OK 2019-08-28)

iconStandorte Eine Liste von Orten, wo das Objekt physisch vorhanden ist.

Beat ( 01.12.2002)

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Titel FormatBez.Aufl.JahrISBN      
A New Kind of ScienceE--120021579550088SwissbibWorldcatBestellen bei Amazon.deBuy it now!Bestellen bei ebook.de

iconBeat und dieses Buch

Beat hat dieses Buch während seiner Assistenzzeit an der ETH Zürich ins Biblionetz aufgenommen. Die bisher letzte Bearbeitung erfolgte während seiner Zeit am Institut für Medien und Schule. Beat besitzt ein physisches, aber kein digitales Exemplar. Aufgrund der vielen Verknüpfungen im Biblionetz scheint er sich intensiver damit befasst zu haben.

iconBiblionetz-History Dies ist eine graphische Darstellung, wann wie viele Verweise von und zu diesem Objekt ins Biblionetz eingetragen wurden und wie oft die Seite abgerufen wurde.