/ en / Traditional / help

Beats Biblionetz - Bücher

Teaching Machines

The History of Personalized Learning
, local 
Buchcover

iconZusammenfassungen

Teaching MachinesContrary to popular belief, ed tech did not begin with videos on the internet. The idea of technology that would allow students to “go at their own pace” did not originate in Silicon Valley. In Teaching Machines, education writer Audrey Watters offers a lively history of predigital educational technology, from Sidney Pressey's mechanized positive-reinforcement provider to B. F. Skinner's behaviorist bell-ringing box. Watters shows that these machines and the pedagogy that accompanied them sprang from ideas—bite-sized content, individualized instruction—that had legs and were later picked up by textbook publishers and early advocates for computerized learning.
Watters pays particular attention to the role of the media—newspapers, magazines, television, and film—in shaping people's perceptions of teaching machines as well as the psychological theories underpinning them. She considers these machines in the context of education reform, the political reverberations of Sputnik, and the rise of the testing and textbook industries. She chronicles Skinner's attempts to bring his teaching machines to market, culminating in the famous behaviorist's efforts to launch Didak 101, the “pre-verbal” machine that taught spelling. (Alternate names proposed by Skinner include “Autodidak,” “Instructomat,” and “Autostructor.”) Telling these somewhat cautionary tales, Watters challenges what she calls “the teleology of ed tech”—the idea that not only is computerized education inevitable, but technological progress is the sole driver of events.
Von Klappentext im Buch Teaching Machines (2021)

iconBemerkungen zu diesem Buch

Teaching MachinesThis book tells the story of the American education system in the twentieth century. I recognize that that will irritate some readers who (rightly) contend that discussion about technology, education or otherwise, is already far too focused on the United States. Teaching machines—and along with them a belief in the power of automation, the need for individualization, and the necessity of business involvement in education—reflect elements of American culture and the American school system. That’s not to say that teaching machines were solely an American phenomenon. The Soviets also built teaching machines in the 1950s and 1960s, and there were teaching machine manufacturers in other countries, including the UK and West Germany.
Von Audrey Watters im Buch Teaching Machines (2021) im Text Introduction

iconKapitel  Unter den anklickbaren Kapiteln finden Sie Informationen über einzelne Teile des gewählten Werks.

  • Introduction
  • 1. B. F. Skinner Builds a Teaching Machine
  • 2. Sidney Pressey and the Automatic Teacher
  • 3. «Mechanical Education Wanted»
  • 4. The Commercialization of B. F. Skinner’s First Machines
  • 5. B. F. Skinner Tries Again
  • 6. Programmed Instruction: In Theory and Practice
  • 7. Imagining the Mechanization of Teachers’ Work
  • 8. Hollins College and «the Roanoke Experiment»
  • 9. Teaching Machines Inc.
  • 10. B. F. Skinner’s Disillusionment
  • 11. Programmed Instruction and the Practice of Freedom
  • 12. Against B. F. Skinner
  • 13. Conclusion

iconDieses Buch erwähnt ...


Personen
KB IB clear
Ross Ashby, John W. Blyth, Jerome S. Bruner, Larry Cuban, B. J. Fogg, Robert Glaser, Kevin Kelly, A. A. Lumsdaine, Seymour Papert, Gordon Pask, Sidney L. Pressey, Theodore Roszak, Claude Shannon, Burrhus F. Skinner, Cynthia Solomon, Warren Weaver, Joseph Weizenbaum, Norbert Wiener, Shoshana Zuboff

Aussagen
KB IB clear
Computer ermöglichen individuelles Lerntempo.
Computer ermöglichen unmittelbare Rückmeldungen.

Begriffe
KB IB clear
Behaviorismusbehaviorism, Bildungeducation (Bildung), CAIcomputer aided instruction, ClassDojo, Computercomputer, Digitalisierung, Efficiency (Usability-Dimension)Efficiency, facebook, Feedback (Rückmeldung)Feedback, Geschäftsmodellbusiness model, Google, Instagram, Internetinternet, Khan Academy, Kinderchildren, Learning Management System (LMS) / LernplattformLearning Management System, LehrerInteacher, Lehrmittelverlagtextbook publisher, Lernenlearning, LOGO (Programmiersprache)LOGO (programming language), Maschinemachine, Nudging, Paradigmaparadigm, PLATO, Predictive AnalyticsPredictive Analytics, Programmierenprogramming, Programmierter Unterricht, Psychologiepsychology, Schuleschool, Softwareherstellersoftware company, Systemdenkensystems thinking, Technologietechnology, Unterricht, USA, Verhalten, Zukunftfuture
icon
Bücher
Jahr  Umschlag Titel Abrufe IBOBKBLB
1948 local  Mathematical Theory of Communication (Claude Shannon, Warren Weaver) 12, 12, 11, 16, 16, 18, 1, 2, 3, 1, 3, 280423186
1954 local web  Design for a Brain (Ross Ashby) 2, 3, 1204416
1956  local web  An Introduction to Cybernetics (Ross Ashby) 10, 10, 11, 12, 13, 11, 2, 4, 5, 2, 6, 3382633415
1957 Verbal Behavior (Burrhus F. Skinner) 11000
1960   Teaching Machines and Programmed Learning (A. A. Lumsdaine, Robert Glaser) 12, 12, 12, 11, 18, 15, 2, 3, 4, 2, 10, 6726961884
1960 local  The Process of Education (Jerome S. Bruner) 11, 9, 9, 14, 10, 14, 13, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2811622638
1968 local  An Approach to Cybernetics (Gordon Pask) 2, 2, 4, 4, 7, 7, 1, 2, 2, 1, 3, 1521190
1968 The technology of teaching (Burrhus F. Skinner) 16000
1976   Die Macht der Computer und die Ohnmacht der Vernunft (Joseph Weizenbaum) 15, 15, 10, 18, 19, 22, 3, 3, 6, 5, 5, 5, 3122169318749
1982 local web  Mindstorms (Seymour Papert) 15, 15, 17, 14, 28, 33, 5, 3, 6, 8, 5, 5, 62744565681
1986 Teachers and Machines (Larry Cuban) 6, 6, 8, 11, 17, 13, 2, 1, 2, 3, 1, 4, 242321026
1994 The cult of information (Theodore Roszak) 16100
2001 local  Oversold and Underused (Larry Cuban) 8, 12, 12, 8, 15, 16, 20, 1, 3, 2, 8, 269721665
2010 local  What Technology Wants (Kevin Kelly) 10, 13, 13, 9, 10, 12, 10, 4, 2, 2, 3, 21842368
2018 local  Das Zeitalter des Überwachungskapitalismus (Shoshana Zuboff) 15, 15, 14, 11, 20, 13, 2, 1, 3, 3, 5, 454514384
icon
Texte
Jahr  Umschlag Titel Abrufe IBOBKBLB
1926 local  A simple apparatus which gives tests and scores and teaches (Sidney L. Pressey) 9, 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 3, 5, 3, 2, 7, 415641105
1927 A Machine for Automatic Teaching Of Drill Material (Sidney L. Pressey) 6, 6, 8, 7, 9, 4, 2, 1, 2, 1, 5, 2552597
1960 Teaching Machines And Human Beings (John W. Blyth) 7, 3, 2, 2, 2, 7, 4, 6, 3, 1, 3, 2142438

iconDieses Buch  erwähnt vermutlich nicht ... Eine statistisch erstelle Liste von nicht erwähnten (oder zumindest nicht erfassten) Begriffen, die aufgrund der erwähnten Begriffe eine hohe Wahrscheinlichkeit aufweisen, erwähnt zu werden.

iconTagcloud

iconZitationsgraph

Diese Grafik ist nur im SVG-Format verfügbar. Dieses Format wird vom verwendeteten Browser offenbar nicht unterstützt.

Diese Grafik fensterfüllend anzeigen (SVG)

iconZeitleiste

iconErwähnungen  Dies ist eine nach Erscheinungsjahr geordnete Liste aller im Biblionetz vorhandenen Werke, die das ausgewählte Thema behandeln.

iconVolltext dieses Dokuments

Teaching Machines: Gesamtes Buch als Volltext (lokal: 723 kByte)

iconBibliographisches Hier finden Sie Angaben um das gewählte Werk zu kaufen oder in einer Bibliothek auszuleihen.

Titel   Format Bez. Aufl. Jahr ISBN          
TeachingMachines E - - 0 2020024477 Swissbib Worldcat Bestellen bei Amazon.de Buy it now!

iconBeat und dieses Buch

Beat hat dieses Buch während seiner Zeit am Institut für Medien und Schule (IMS) ins Biblionetz aufgenommen. Beat besitzt kein physisches, aber ein digitales Exemplar. (das er aber aus Urheberrechtsgründen nicht einfach weitergeben darf). Es gibt bisher nur wenige Objekte im Biblionetz, die dieses Werk zitieren.

iconBiblionetz-History Dies ist eine graphische Darstellung, wann wie viele Verweise von und zu diesem Objekt ins Biblionetz eingetragen wurden und wie oft die Seite abgerufen wurde.