What we know about CSCL and implementing it in higher education
Exceptional collection of articles This is an exceptional collection of articles for several reasons, firstly for the approach; we start with learning processes rather than technology. The second exceptional aspect is the depth; besides a broad overview, the articles cover the subject in-depth. There is also a daring attempt (and this is what education is about) to link theory and practice. The latter is not done with equal success throughout the book, which comes as no surprise, considering that education rarely succeeds in this. The third exceptional aspect of the collection is its coherence; the authors have actually read each other's work, refer to each other, and attempt to keep the format and level of abstraction of the chapters the same. The book's three sections are preceded by an introduction and there is a concluding chapter that makes no attempt to hide the fact that we are only just starting to obtain an insight into CSCL.
Designing CSCL The volume starts and ends with contributions from the editors Strijbos, Kirschner and Martens, of the Dutch Open University, in Heerlen. The first chapter describes the field and a framework for designing CSCL. CSCL involves a different way of learning from that of individual learning. CSCL is actually mainly discursive and so entails consultation with others, negotiation, explicitness, discussion, reasoning, persuasion, and reflection, while writing, reading, and solving problems, all preferably by means of electronic collaboration. The electronics also make it possible to create and share multimedia applications: illustrations, diagrams, draft files, hypermedia, and so forth.
Necessity Clearly, a great deal of professional practice is extremely discursive, and the knowledge and processes in a considerable amount of practice are rarely stable and constant. The business community consequently seeks individuals with a potential for transformation. That is all very well for the business community but less so for higher education, as it is almost entirely individual, lecturer-driven and therefore seems to be a miserable preparation for professional practice.Higher education and especially a teacher training institute should do something with CSCL and, as this book explains, that demands different methods of teaching. Many examples are provided and the role of technology is clearly explained with due reservation. Here, I discuss a couple of the book's key points.
Spectacular Stahl's chapter is simply spectacular. He explains on the basis of an extremely simple example how learning takes place in a group, and that this is something completely different from how an individual learns. Although, as one of my colleagues commented, the example (a dialogue between a group of young children at a visual display unit) is not about high academic education, its discussion clearly shows how much participant's contributions to a discussion depend on each other and build on each other, and how this can lead to an awareness of what the group does and does not understand.
New ideas on student assessment Chan and Van Aalst discuss new ideas on student assessment. The view of learning and assessment are closely related in education and the chapter provides practical examples for teaching staff who have gone a long way towards integrating collaborative learning into education. The key concept is that student assessment has to be formative and must contribute to the students' own learning and collaboration. The (exclusive) emphasis on assessment of individuals should be replaced. The chapter by Chan and Van Aalst can offer inspiration to teaching staff who use electronic discussion forums and wonder how they can increase the depth of the discussions, encourage greater participation and (ultimately) help students attain a deeper understanding.
Experience necessary for success The chapter by Jarvela, Hakkinen, Arvaja and Leinonen summarises instruction techniques for supporting CSCL. It certainly is instructive but it is not always clear what the purpose of the empirical support is and what experiences there have been with implementation in practice. Take for instance the wonderful technique of 'inquiry-based-learning', in which, for example, students conceive of and investigate their own research questions, in response to a common subject in a course, and then share their knowledge of what they have discovered with each other. I'd say try it and share the learning experiences, but they will probably not be inquiry-based learning experiences. I'm afraid summary descriptions of this kind will never bridge the gap between theory and practice and are therefore likely to lead to discouragement. It doesn't help when the authors say at the end that a little experience is necessary to achieve success with the new learning method. That is precisely what the problem is. And also, exactly what experience is needed? Where do you get it?
Which tools go with which educational viewpoint and learning task Other chapters deal with subjects such as the role of feedback, research into human support and collaborative learning, reasons for making the electronic environment more social, and there is a discussion of most of the systems and environments that support collaborative learning. Another important chapter is the one by De Graaf, De Laat and Scheltinga, in which a good attempt is made to link the educational viewpoint and learning task to the possibilities of electronic collaborative tools.
Conclusion This book can be recommended to anyone with a background in education who would like to know more about CSCL. The text may be too abstract for beginners and too academic for use as a practical guide. However, I may be underestimating the reader. I therefore end with the recommendation I made at the start: if you want to include a CSCL course in your study programme, this book is for you.
This review is originally published on the SURF E-learning Themesite http://e-learning.surf.n
Bemerkungen zu diesem Buch
- Building collaborative knowing - Elements of a Social Theory of CSCL (Seite 53 - 85) (Gerry Stahl)
- Instructional support in CSCL (Seite 115 - 139) (Sanna Järvelä, Päivi Häkkinen, Maarit Arvaja, Piritta Leinonen)
- Computer Software Support for Collaborative Learning (Seite 141 - 166) (Patrick Jermann, A. Soller, A. Lesgold)
- Designing sociable CSCL Environments - Applying Interaction Design Principles (Seite 221 - 243) (Paul A. Kirschner, Karel Kreijns )
Dieses Buch erwähnt...
Dieses Buch erwähnt nicht...
Nicht erwähnte Begriffe
|ArgueGraph, cognitive apprenticeship, CSCW, jigsaw class, Mailing-Listen, Schule, Unterricht|
- COLLAGE - A collaborative Learning Design editor based on patterns (Davinia Hernández-Leo, Eloy D. Villasclaras-Fernández, Juan I. Asensio-Pérez, Yannis Dimitriadis, Iván M. Jorrín-Abellán, Inés Ruiz-Requies, Bartolomé Rubia-Avi)
- Computer Support for Interaction Regulation in Collaborative Problem-Solving (Patrick Jermann) (2004)
- The Effect of Roles on Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (Jan-Willem Strijbos) (2004)
- 1. General introduction
- 4. Content analysis: What are they talking about?
- 5. The impact of functional roles on perceived group efficiency and dropout during CSCL in distance education
- 6. The effect of functional roles on perceived group efficiency during computer-supported collaborative learning: A matter of triangulation
- 7. Functional versus spontaneous roles during CSCL
- Computational Representation of Collaborative Learning Flow Patterns using IMS Learning Design (Davinia Hernández-Leo, Juan I. Asensio-Pérez, Yannis Dimitriadis) (2005)
- Research on e-Learning and ICT in Education (Athanassios Jimoyiannis) (2012)
- 6. Supporting Teachers in Orchestrating CSCL Classrooms (Yannis Dimitriadis)
Effects of social and epistemic collaboration scripts on collaborative knowledge construction(Armin Weinberger) (2003)
Volltext dieses Dokuments
|Computer Software Support for Collaborative Learning: Artikel als Volltext (: , 508 kByte)|
|What we know about CSCL and implementing it in higher education: Gesamtes Buch als Volltext (: , 3157 kByte)|
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Beat war Co-Leiter des ICT-Kompetenzzentrums TOP während er Dieses Buch ins Biblionetz aufgenommen hat. Die bisher letzte Bearbeitung erfolgte während seiner Zeit am Institut für Medien und Schule. Beat besitzt kein physisches, aber ein digitales Exemplar. (das er aber aus Urheberrechtsgründen nicht einfach weitergeben darf). Aufgrund der vielen Verknüpfungen im Biblionetz scheint er sich intensiver damit befasst zu haben.
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