The Charisma Machine
The Life, Death, and Legacy of One Laptop per Child
Announced in 2005 by MIT Media Lab cofounder Nicholas Negroponte, One Laptop per Child promised to transform the lives of children across the Global South with a small, sturdy, and cheap laptop computer, powered by a hand crank. In reality, the project fell short in many ways—starting with the hand crank, which never materialized. Yet the project remained charismatic to many who were captivated by ist claims of access to educational opportunities previously out of reach. Behind ist promises, OLPC, like many technology projects that make similarly grand claims, had a fundamentally flawed vision of who the computer was made for and what role technology should play in learning.
Drawing on fifty years of history and a seven-month study of a model OLPC project in Paraguay, Ames reveals that the laptops were not only frustrating to use, easy to break, and hard to repair, they were designed for “technically precocious boys”—idealized younger versions of the developers themselves—rather than the children who were actually using them. The Charisma Machine offers a cautionary tale about the allure of technology hype and the problems that result when utopian dreams drive technology development.
This book is thus more than just an account of One Laptop per Child. It is a cautionary tale about technology hype that explains how technologies become charismatic and what the consequences of that charisma can be. We will reach a half century into the past and across the globe to critically examine the consequences of utopia-inspired design, technology’s role in play and learning, and the sometimes-fuzzy divide between education and entertainment. We will begin with this central question: why did so many so enthusiastically accept Negroponte’s and OLPC’s claims—especially when similar promises had been made and broken before? Then, we will explore how these promises were kept, broken, or transformed when OLPC’s laptops were put to use. Were the charismatic visions of OLPC compelling—or even recognizable—to the project’s intended audience of children in the Global South? Finally, we will examine OLPC’s legacy. How have the same promises lived on in new projects, even after the dissolution of the original One Laptop per Child foundation and its apparent failure to achieve its lofty goals?
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|Lars Bo Andersen, Arjun Appadurai, Analí Baraibar, Sonja Baumer, Genevieve Bell, Nick Bilton, Matteo Bittanti, danah boyd, Karen Brennan, John Seely Brown, Corinne Büching, Michel Callon, Katie Clinton, Rachel Cody, Allan Collins, Larry Cuban, Paul Dourish, P. Duguid, Evelyn Eastmond, Paul N. Edwards, Nathan L. Ensmenger, Helena Ferro, Allan Fisher, Idit Harel, Becky Herr-Stephenson, Heather Horst, Mizuko Ito, Henry Jenkins, Yasmin B. Kafai, Rob Kling, Timothy D. Koschmann, D. Midian Kurland, Patricia G. Lange, Bruno Latour, John Law, Steven Levy, Dilan Mahendran, John Maloney, Jane Margolis, Katynka Z. Martínez, Tina Matuchniak, Marshall McLuhan, Amon Millner, Andrés Monroy-Hernández, Vincent Mosco, Nicholas Negroponte, Pablo Pagés, Seymour Papert, C.J. Pascoe, Roy Pea, Laura Pérez, Martín Pérez, Dan Perkel, Ravi Purushotma, Mitchel Resnick, Laura Robinson, Alice J. Robison, Eric Rosenbaum, Natalie Rusk, Ignacio Salamano, Jay Silver, Brian Silverman, Christo Sims, Lisa Tripp, Julia Walter-Herrmann, Mark Warschauer, Margaret Weigel|
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|Charisma, Computercomputer, Kinderchildren, MIT, Notebooklaptop, OLPCOne Laptop per Child Project|
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- Developing Computational Solutions With Humility - Recommending Morgan Ames' 'The Charisma Machine' (Mark Guzdial) (2020)
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Beat und dieses Buch
Beat hat dieses Buch erst in den letzten 6 Monaten in Biblionetz aufgenommen. Beat besitzt kein physisches, aber ein digitales Exemplar. (das er aber aus Urheberrechtsgründen nicht einfach weitergeben darf). Es gibt bisher nur wenige Objekte im Biblionetz, die dieses Werk zitieren.