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Logo Programming and the Development of Planning Skills

Technical Report No. 16
Roy Pea, D. Midian Kurland
Publikationsdatum:
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Beat Döbeli HoneggerDieser Technical Report dokumentiert zwei je einjährige Längsschnittstudien zur Veränderung der Planungskompetenz von 25 8/9- und 25 11/12-Jährigen in der ersten Studie und 32 Schülerinnen und Schülern in der zweiten Studie durch Programmierunterricht in der Programmiersprache LOGO. Die Studien konnten keine Veränderung in der Planungskompetenzen der Kinder im Vergleich zu Kontrollgruppen feststellen.
Von Beat Döbeli Honegger, erfasst im Biblionetz am 06.03.2015
Roy PeaOur paper is a report on several studies that evaluate the empirical validity of these expectations for the general cognitive effects of learning to program. Like any empirical study, they require a finer grained focus than these overarching ideas will allow and,in this case, we have examined the development of planning skills in relation to learning to program in the Logo programming language (Abelson & diSessa, 1981; Papert, 1980). We will return to a discussion of the mental activities involved in programming and our choosing to study planning as a higher mental function after briefly sketching out the larger terrain in which these concepts have become embodied in educational practices.
Von Roy Pea, D. Midian Kurland im Text Logo Programming and the Development of Planning Skills (1984)
Findings are presented from two separate year-long longitudinal studies of the development of planning skills among school aged children in relation to learning LOGO programming, and a theoretical context is provided for predictions of greater improvement by the programming groups. In the first year, experimental groups comprised students in each of two classrooms in a private school in Manhattan. One classroom included 25 8- and 9-year-old children; the other consisted of 25 11- and 12-year-old children. The control groups were made up of students in the same grade level classrooms in the same school. Both experimental groups were administered a classroom chore-scheduling planning task. Process and product measures of planning skill revealed no benefits for students doing LOGO programming. The second experiment took place one year later in the same school in the same two teachers' classrooms. The second study comprised 32 students in each of the age groups of the first study. This time a microcomputer version of the task was implemented in which students gave commands to a robot to carry out the chores, and similar assessments of planning performances were collected online. Again, learning to program did not differentiate experimental from control group performances. Further tests of the programming transfer hypothesis are proposed. Data tables and references are included.
Von Klappentext im Text Logo Programming and the Development of Planning Skills (1984)

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Personen
KB IB clear
M. Bloom, Frederick P. Brooks, W. Feurzeig, David B. Fogel, R. Grant, D. Midian Kurland, Zbigniew Michalewicz, Alan Newell, Seymour Papert, Roy Pea, Herbert Simon, Cynthia Solomon

Aussagen
KB IB clear
Problemlöseargument: Informatikkenntnisse helfen auch beim Lösen von Problemen ausserhalb der Informatikproblem solving argument: knowledge in computer science fosters problem solving

Begriffe
KB IB clear
LOGO (Programmiersprache)LOGO (programming language), Problemlösefähigkeitproblem solving skills, Programmierenprogramming
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Bücher
Jahr  Umschlag Titel Abrufe IBOBKBLB
1969 local secure web Programming-Languages as a Conceptual Framework for Teaching Mathematics (W. Feurzeig, Seymour Papert, M. Bloom, R. Grant, Cynthia Solomon) 2, 2, 4, 4, 1, 5, 5, 4, 3, 6, 3, 86118183
1972Human Problem Solving Personenreihenfolge alphabetisch und evtl. nicht korrekt (Alan Newell, Herbert Simon) 31000
1972 local secure The Mythical Man-Month (Frederick P. Brooks) 5, 2, 2, 5, 1, 4, 1, 3, 2, 6, 4, 631663111
1980  The Computer in the School (Robert Taylor) 3, 4, 2, 5, 4, 7, 8, 5, 3, 7, 3, 818258287
1982 local secure web Mindstorms (Seymour Papert) 14, 21, 30, 25, 19, 30, 35, 39, 35, 23, 22, 2823245285320
1988  local secure Studying the Novice Programmer (Elliot Soloway, Jim Spohrer) 3, 2, 2, 4, 5, 9, 10, 13, 3, 10, 5, 15494415209
2004 local secure How to Solve It (Zbigniew Michalewicz, David B. Fogel) 1, 2, 3, 3, 2, 4, 2, 1, 2, 5, 2, 4774243
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Texte
Jahr  Umschlag Titel Abrufe IBOBKBLB
1970 local secure web Teaching children thinking (Seymour Papert) 2, 3, 2, 3, 3, 4, 7, 12, 2, 8, 6, 712147936
1972 local secure web Teaching Children To Be Mathematicians Versus Teaching About Mathematics (Seymour Papert) 6, 1, 4, 2, 4, 2, 3, 4, 11, 8, 3, 3683152
1983 local secure web On the Cognitive Prerequisites of Learning Computer Programming (Roy Pea, D. Midian Kurland) 1, 1, 5, 1, 5, 3, 4, 5, 4, 5, 6, 1021310146
1984 local secure web On the cognitive effects of learning computer programming (Roy Pea, D. Midian Kurland) 2, 2, 4, 4, 4, 3, 10, 7, 9, 5, 6, 15281515293

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