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A systemic and cognitive view on collaborative knowledge building with wikis

Erstpublikation in: International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, Volume 3, Number 2 / Juni 2008
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Ulrike CreßIn the remainder of this article we will present a theoretical model of collaborative knowledge building with wikis by assuming a systemic perspective. In this context we will discuss the differential modes of operation in social and cognitive systems. Psychological research has described the cognitive processes responsible for individual learning as assimilation and accommodation. The question arises if there are equivalent processes in social systems such as wikis. Since we are convinced there are equivalent processes, we present this article to lead to a better understanding of the processes of collaborative knowledge building. In the following presentation, we will distinguish between the processes of externalization and internalization. We will clarify these processes by applying Wikipedia examples to our model in order to illustrate our notions and to provide an empirical basis. We will then describe the four processes of learning and knowledge building that result from the distinction between external and internal processes on the one hand, and between assimilation and accommodation on the other hand. Finally, we will describe the motivational aspects of collaborative knowledge building with wikis. We attribute people’s motivation to participate in collaborative knowledge building to their perception of incongruities and to the perceived valence of the topic.
Von Ulrike Creß, Joachim Kimmerle im Text A systemic and cognitive view on collaborative knowledge building with wikis (2008)
Ulrike CreßWikis provide new opportunities for learning and for collaborative knowledge building as well as for understanding these processes. This article presents a theoretical framework for describing how learning and collaborative knowledge building take place. In order to understand these processes, three aspects need to be considered: the social processes facilitated by a wiki, the cognitive processes of the users, and how both processes influence each other mutually. For this purpose, the model presented in this article borrows from the systemic approach of Luhmann as well as from Piaget’s theory of equilibration and combines these approaches. The model analyzes processes which take place in the social system of a wiki as well as in the cognitive systems of the users. The model also describes learning activities as processes of externalization and internalization. Individual learning happens through internal processes of assimilation and accommodation, whereas changes in a wiki are due to activities of external assimilation and accommodation which in turn lead to collaborative knowledge building. This article provides empirical examples for these equilibration activities by analyzing Wikipedia articles. Equilibration activities are described as being caused by subjectively perceived incongruities between an individuals’ knowledge and the information provided by a wiki. Incongruities of medium level cause cognitive conflicts which in turn activate the described processes of equilibration and facilitate individual learning and collaborative knowledge building.
Von Ulrike Creß, Joachim Kimmerle im Text A systemic and cognitive view on collaborative knowledge building with wikis (2008)

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Personen
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Carl Bereiter, Ludwig von Bertalanffy, Axel Bruns, Todd Bryant, Ward Cunningham, Kushal Dave, Mark Guzdial, Hee-Seop Han, Sun-Gwan Han, Sal Humphreys, Colleen Kehoe, Soo-Hwan Kim, Bo Leuf, Niklas Luhmann, Kevin Makice, Humberto R. Maturana, Michele Notari, Seymour Papert, Christian Pentzold, Silvan Reinhold, Will Richardson, Jochen Rick, Marlene Scardamalia, Sebastian Seidenglanz, Gerry Stahl, David Turner, Francisco J. Varela, Fernanda B. Viégas, Chien-min Wang, Martin Wattenberg

Fragen
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Warum beteiligen sich Menschen an einem Wiki?

Begriffe
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AkkommodationAccommodation, Assimilationassimilation, Autopoieseautopoiesis, CSCLComputer-Supported Collaborative Learning, CSCWComputer-supported collaborative work, Lernenlearning, social softwaresocial software, Strukturelle Koppelung, Systemsystem, Weblogsblogging, Wikiwiki, Wiki in educationWiki in education, Wikipedia
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Bücher
Jahr  Umschlag Titel Abrufe IBOBKBLB
1969 local  General System Theory (Ludwig von Bertalanffy) 4, 2, 4, 12, 6, 10, 9, 11, 1, 3, 8, 22132688
1980 local  Autopoiesis and Cognition (Humberto R. Maturana, Francisco J. Varela) 4, 2, 1, 6, 5, 7, 6, 7, 1, 2, 7, 1571213521
1982 local web  Mindstorms (Seymour Papert) 5, 6, 3, 13, 8, 14, 7, 17, 2, 4, 13, 43144645766
1984 local  Soziale Systeme (Niklas Luhmann) 6, 2, 3, 10, 5, 9, 9, 13, 3, 3, 5, 3864033013
1996 CSCL (Timothy D. Koschmann) 5, 3, 3, 9, 5, 7, 1, 12, 2, 2, 9, 11005211468
1997 local  Die Gesellschaft der Gesellschaft (Niklas Luhmann) 5, 1, 4, 9, 1, 11, 4, 99, 4, 3, 7, 3812131704
2001  local  The Wiki Way (Bo Leuf, Ward Cunningham) 1, 7, 4, 4, 9, 7, 11, 2, 14, 2, 7, 81065474460
2002 local  Computer Support for Collaborative Learning (Gerry Stahl) 3, 1, 2, 7, 1, 10, 1, 12, 1, 4, 8, 3455631764
2005   WikiSym 20053, 2, 2, 7, 1, 21, 3, 12, 1, 2, 8, 3706232093
2006  local  Blogs, Wikis, Podcasts, and Other Powerful Web Tools for Classrooms (Will Richardson) 4, 2, 3, 8, 1, 8, 5, 8, 2, 1, 5, 1237313539
2006 Educause Quarterly 2/06 Personenreihenfolge alphabetisch und evtl. nicht korrekt 3, 2, 1, 6, 4, 8, 3, 6, 2, 1, 8, 14461929
2006 International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, Volume 13, 2, 1, 6, 2, 8, 9, 6, 2, 5, 5, 213942835
2006 WikiSym 20066, 2, 8, 10, 12, 5, 9, 4, 11, 2, 6, 44912462182
2006 Innovative Approaches for Learning and Knowledge Sharing4, 15, 19, 10, 12, 15, 10, 18, 2, 1, 8, 257422406
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Texte
Jahr  Umschlag Titel Abrufe IBOBKBLB
1994 local web  Computer Support for Knowledge-Building Communities (Marlene Scardamalia, Carl Bereiter) 2, 1, 6, 7, 1, 8, 4, 13, 1, 5, 9, 152711777
2001 local  Beyond Adoption to Invention (Mark Guzdial, Jochen Rick, Colleen Kehoe) 4, 4, 3, 8, 2, 10, 4, 12, 2, 8, 10, 2262222453
2002 Contributions to a Theoretical Framework for CSCL (Gerry Stahl) 2, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 3, 9, 1, 3, 5, 12171736
2004 local web  Studying Cooperation and Conflict between Authors with history flow Visualizations (Fernanda B. Viégas, Martin Wattenberg, Kushal Dave) 2, 1, 1, 6, 1, 8, 5, 10, 1, 8, 6, 2191321298
2004 local web  Extending the Wiki Paradigm for Use in the Classroom (Chien-min Wang, David Turner) 5, 1, 2, 6, 1, 14, 6, 12, 4, 4, 8, 4121041170
2005 local web  Wikis in Teaching and Assessment (Axel Bruns, Sal Humphreys) 3, 1, 1, 6, 1, 10, 2, 13, 1, 5, 5, 131911112
2006 local web  Situating CoWeb (Mark Guzdial, Jochen Rick) 3, 1, 3, 7, 2, 8, 3, 8, 2, 4, 6, 293721327
2006 local web  Social Software in Academia (Todd Bryant) 1, 4, 2, 1, 6, 1, 8, 5, 7, 1, 9, 93249944
2006 local web  PoliticWiki (Kevin Makice) 4, 2, 1, 6, 2, 9, 2, 9, 1, 3, 7, 12101671
2006 local web  Foucault@Wiki (Christian Pentzold, Sebastian Seidenglanz) 3, 1, 3, 2, 2, 4, 5, 8, 6, 1, 2, 10262755
2006 local web  WikiTrails (Silvan Reinhold) 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 2, 8, 2, 13, 1, 7, 99147938
2006 How to use a wiki in education (Michele Notari) 12200
2006 The Study on Effective Programming Learning Using Wiki Community Systems (Soo-Hwan Kim, Hee-Seop Han, Sun-Gwan Han) 1200

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Perturbation, Weblogs in education

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