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From Theory Bias to Theory Dialogue

Embracing Cognitive, Situated, and Critical Framings of Computational Thinking in K-12 CS Education
Yasmin B. Kafai, Chris Proctor, Debora Lui
Zu finden in: ICER 2019, 2019
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Beat Döbeli HoneggerDie AutorInnen beschreiben drei unterschiedliche Sichtweisen von computational thinking (cognitive, situated und critical) und betonen, dass die verwendete Definition von CT grossen Einfluss auf Forschung und Lehre hat.
Von Beat Döbeli Honegger, erfasst im Biblionetz am 18.08.2019
Yasmin B. KafaiIn this paper, we use the concept of computational thinking to illustrate how theoretical framings direct our attention to differ ent, but equally important aspects in learning and teaching within K-12 CS education. Theoretical framing is needed to articulate educational goals, and therefore to evaluate the quality of peda gogical designs.
Von Yasmin B. Kafai, Chris Proctor, Debora Lui im Konferenz-Band ICER 2019 im Text From Theory Bias to Theory Dialogue (2019)
Yasmin B. KafaiIn this paper, we unpacked different framings of computational thinking that have been in use in the CS education community. Rather than seeking conceptual unity in computational thinking, we highlighted the different ontological commitments that cognitive, situated and critical framings bring to computational thinking and illustrated how these contextualize research with programming tools, design of applications, and classroom implementations.
Von Yasmin B. Kafai, Chris Proctor, Debora Lui im Konferenz-Band ICER 2019 im Text From Theory Bias to Theory Dialogue (2019)
Yasmin B. Kafai

The increased interest in promoting CS education for all has been coalescing around the idea of "computational thinking." Several framings for promoting computational thinking in K-12 education have been proposed by practitioners and researchers that each place different emphases on either (1) skill and competence building, (2) creative expression and participation, or (3) social justice and ethics. We review each framing and how the framings structure the theory space of computational thinking. We then discuss how CS education can leverage the explanatory potential that each framing offers to the implementation and evaluation of learning, teaching, and tools in computing education. Our goal is to help CS education researchers, teachers, and designers unpack and leverage the complexities of this theory space (rather than ignoring it) while also addressing broader educational concerns regarding diversity, providing new directions for how students and teachers can actively participate in designing their digital futures, and directing current computing education efforts towards a more humanistic orientation.

Von Yasmin B. Kafai, Chris Proctor, Debora Lui im Konferenz-Band ICER 2019 im Text From Theory Bias to Theory Dialogue (2019)
Yasmin B. Kafai

As a first step, we identify and describe three prevalent framings of computational thinking that we have found within the larger landscape of CS education:

  1. Cognitive computational thinking seeks to provide students with an understanding of key computational concepts, practices, and perspectives thereby emphasizing skill building and competencies which will be useful in college and future careers;
  2. Situated computational thinking stresses personal creative expression and social engagement as a pathway in becoming computationally fluent building on youth interest in digital media and production; and
  3. Critical computational thinking recognizes that computing is not an unequivocal social good, and proposes an analytical approach to the values, practices, and infrastructure underlying computation as part of a broader goal of education for justice.

We illustrate each framing with examples from various studies and discuss how these framings of computational thinking have functioned as design heuristics that provide specific directives for curricular initiatives that inform the design of learning and teaching tools, materials and activities.We then consider how these framings are an integral part of the larger theory space of efforts promoting K-12 computational thinking and how they should be considered in dialogue with one another rather than in opposition. Based on this understanding, we offer suggestions for how to proceed forward with a more holistic view of not only what computational thinking should be, but also directions for it might be studied or taught moving into the future.

Von Yasmin B. Kafai, Chris Proctor, Debora Lui im Konferenz-Band ICER 2019 im Text From Theory Bias to Theory Dialogue (2019)


Yasmin B. KafaiFollowing Haraway [26], our goal here is not to push any kind of ‘objective’ truth about the best practices in CS Education, but rather to acknowledge that all perspectives and approaches within the field are partial and contingent.
Von Yasmin B. Kafai, Chris Proctor, Debora Lui im Konferenz-Band ICER 2019 im Text From Theory Bias to Theory Dialogue (2019) auf Seite  101

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Harold Abelson, Christan Balch, Satabdi Basu, Karen Brennan, Michelle Chung, Peter Denning, Andrea DiSessa, Evelyn Eastmond, Allan Fisher, Shuchi Grover, Idit Harel, Charles B. Hodges, Yasmin B. Kafai, Ami/Andrew J. Ko, D. Midian Kurland, John Maloney, John H. Maloney, Jane Margolis, Amon Millner, Andrés Monroy-Hernández, Greg L. Nelson, David B. Palumbo, Roy Pea, Kylie A. Peppler, Mitchel Resnick, Peter J. Rich, Eric Rosenbaum, Natalie Rusk, Patricia K. Schank, Anna Sfard, Jay Silver, Brian Silverman, Elliot Soloway, Jim Spohrer, Veena Vasudevan, David Weintrop, Uri Wilensky

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computational thinkingcomputational thinking, Computerspielecomputer game, data literacy, Informatikcomputer science, Informatik-Didaktikdidactics of computer science, Informatik-Unterricht (Fachinformatik)Computer Science Education, Informatikunterricht in der Schule, Konnektivismusconnectivism, Konstruktionismusconstructionism, MINTscience, technology, engineering, mathematics, Programmierenprogramming, storytellingstorytelling, Theorietheory
Jahr  Umschlag Titel Abrufe IBOBKBLB
1986 local Turtle geometry (Harold Abelson, Andrea DiSessa) 3, 5, 6, 13, 6, 9, 8, 7, 4, 3, 2, 41364241
1988  local Studying the Novice Programmer (Elliot Soloway, Jim Spohrer) 3, 10, 5, 15, 10, 8, 11, 6, 4, 5, 5, 851458266
1991Children Designers (Idit Harel) 4, 12, 6, 9, 9, 6, 6, 4, 6, 3, 3, 81858871
1995 local web Minds in Play (Yasmin B. Kafai) 4, 9, 6, 16, 5, 12, 5, 7, 8, 5, 3, 723327354
2001Changing Minds (Andrea DiSessa) 4, 7, 11, 15, 9, 12, 8, 5, 6, 1, 2, 724571296
2002Global Information Technology Report 20024, 5, 2, 1, 5, 4, 5, 4, 4, 3, 5, 7817595
2002  local web Unlocking the Clubhouse (Jane Margolis, Allan Fisher) 4, 7, 4, 14, 10, 8, 11, 6, 6, 4, 4, 540245285
2008SIGCSE 2008 (J. D. Dougherty, Susan H. Rodger, Sue Fitzgerald, Mark Guzdial) 9, 13, 3, 13, 9, 5, 10, 4, 8, 4, 5, 5113475188
2014 local web Creative Computing (Karen Brennan, Christan Balch, Michelle Chung) 2, 6, 4, 3, 2, 4, 2, 3, 4, 3, 1, 4254130
2015Proceedings of the Workshop in Primary and Secondary Computing Education, WiPSCE 2015, London, United Kingdom, November 9-11, 2015 (Judith Gal-Ezer, Sue Sentance, Jan Vahrenhold) 10, 7, 9, 12, 8, 12, 19, 8, 10, 3, 8, 7212437364
2015ICER 2015 (Brian Dorn, Judy Sheard, Quintin I. Cutts) 7, 6, 6, 12, 7, 11, 19, 16, 17, 6, 4, 9312129348
2017 local web Emerging Research, Practice, and Policy on Computational Thinking (Peter J. Rich, Charles B. Hodges) 5, 9, 8, 17, 9, 14, 9, 7, 14, 4, 7, 8301918308
2018 local web SIGCSE 2018 (Tiffany Barnes, Daniel D. Garcia, Elizabeth K. Hawthorne, Manuel A. Pérez-Quiñones) 6, 9, 5, 12, 5, 11, 13, 8, 8, 6, 11, 119221292
2018ICER 2018 (Lauri Malmi, Ari Korhonen, Robert McCartney, Andrew Petersen) 5, 9, 8, 9, 9, 16, 16, 12, 12, 6, 8, 6571956324
Jahr  Umschlag Titel Abrufe IBOBKBLB
1984 local web On the cognitive effects of learning computer programming (Roy Pea, D. Midian Kurland) 9, 5, 6, 15, 10, 8, 5, 4, 8, 4, 3, 630156341
1990 local web Programming Language/Problem-Solving Research (David B. Palumbo) 5, 6, 5, 12, 5, 9, 7, 4, 5, 3, 2, 68236232
1998 local web On Two Metaphors for learning and the Dangers of Choosing Just One (Anna Sfard) 1, 5, 3, 3, 2, 5, 1, 7, 5, 1, 1, 4524118
2002 local web Rethinking Learning in the Digital Age (Mitchel Resnick) 8100
2008 local web Programming by choice (John H. Maloney, Kylie A. Peppler, Yasmin B. Kafai, Mitchel Resnick, Natalie Rusk) 7400
2009 local web Scratch: Programming for All (Mitchel Resnick, John Maloney, Andrés Monroy-Hernández, Natalie Rusk, Evelyn Eastmond, Karen Brennan, Amon Millner, Eric Rosenbaum, Jay Silver, Brian Silverman, Yasmin B. Kafai) 4, 12, 7, 20, 8, 11, 16, 6, 13, 7, 12, 11552811704
2015 local web Using Commutative Assessments to Compare Conceptual Understanding in Blocks-based and Text-based Programs (David Weintrop, Uri Wilensky) 2, 6, 2, 7, 4, 7, 7, 2, 6, 4, 1, 610256180
2015 local web Constructionist Gaming Beyond the Screen (Yasmin B. Kafai, Veena Vasudevan) 6, 7, 3, 6, 10, 12, 5, 3, 2, 3, 4, 92169172
2017 local web Remaining Trouble Spots with Computational Thinking (Peter Denning) 4, 7, 6, 7, 7, 9, 13, 5, 5, 7, 2, 97329196
2018 local web What We Can Learn About Student Learning From Open-Ended Programming Projects in Middle School Computer Science (Shuchi Grover, Satabdi Basu, Patricia K. Schank) 3400
2018 local web On Use of Theory in Computing Education Research (Greg L. Nelson, Andrew J. Ko) 3100


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