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Teaching How to Teach Computational Thinking

Anna Lamprou, Alexander Repenning
Erstpublikation in: ITiCSE 2018 Proceedings of the 23rd Annual ACM Conference on Innovation and Technology in Computer Science Education Pages 69-74
Publikationsdatum:
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Alexander RepenningComputational Thinking1 is argued to be an essential skill for the workforce of the 21st century. As a skill, Computational Thinking should be taught in all schools, employing computational ideas integrated into other disciplines. Up until now, questions about how Computational Thinking can be effectively taught have been underexplored preventing efforts to cross the large gap between early adopters and the early majority, conceptualized as the Computer Science Education chasm. A promising strategy to cross the chasm is underway in Switzerland. Switzerland recently introduced a national curriculum, called Lehrplan 21, mandating Computer Science Education. This mandate requires the Computer Science education of elementary and middle school students. In 2017, the School of Education of Northwestern Switzerland (PH FHNW), introduced a mandatory pre-service teacher Computer Science Education course, to satisfy this mandate. All the PH FHNW students who study to become elementary school teachers must pass this two-semester course. The first part of this course was taught for the first time in fall of 2017. This paper presents the philosophy of this course and an initial analysis of both qualitative data capturing the students’ perceptions of Computational Thinking and quantitative data describing shifts in students’ skills and attitudes as effect sizes. The data suggest that it is possible to teach a basic understanding of programming to non-self-selected pre-service elementary school teachers.
Von Anna Lamprou, Alexander Repenning im Text Teaching How to Teach Computational Thinking (2018)
Alexander RepenningSwitzerland, a highly affluent, but in terms of K-12 CSEd somewhat conservative country, has made a bold movement which may lead to the successful crossing of the CSEd chasm (Fig. 1). With the introduction of Lehrplan 21, the new common curriculum for compulsory education in the 21 German-speaking states, CS will be introduced into the Swiss elementary schools starting from the first grade. In anticipation of the changes imposed by the new educational framework, Switzerland is radically shifting its strategy by introducing mandatory preservice teacher CSEd starting at the elementary school level. The term pre-service teacher refers to the undergraduate students who study to become primary level teachers. Following from that, since September of 2017, the School of Education of Northwestern Switzerland (PH FHNW), requires its students (pre-service teachers), to take a mandatory CSEd course in order to be able to graduate and teach. In order to find out how effective the course was we conducted a study collecting both qualitative and quantitative data from more than 600 students that took the course. This paper presents the philosophy of the course and discusses initial findings from the study. Our results show that even though pre-service teachers can easily learn basic programming, the question about learning CT still remains open.
Von Anna Lamprou, Alexander Repenning im Text Teaching How to Teach Computational Thinking (2018)

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Personen
KB IB clear
Ashok R. Basawapatna, Tim Bell, Peter Denning, Beat Döbeli Honegger, Caitlin Duncan, Michael Hielscher, Kyu Han Koh, Geoffrey A. Moore, Hilarie Nickerson, Seymour Papert, Alexander Repenning, The Royal Society, Jeannette M. Wing

Begriffe
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AgentCubes, computational thinkingcomputational thinking, Curriculum / Lehrplancurriculum, Early AdopterEarly Adopter, early majorityearly majority, Effektstärkeeffect size, Informatikcomputer science, Informatik-Unterricht (Fachinformatik)Computer Science Education, LehrerInteacher, Lehrplan 21, Motivationmotivation, processing (Programmiersprache)processing, Programmierenprogramming, Programmiersprachenprogramming languages, Schuleschool, SchweizSwitzerland, Simulation
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Bücher
Jahr UmschlagTitelAbrufeIBOBKBLB
1991   Crossing the Chasm (Geoffrey A. Moore) 4, 10, 7, 6, 5, 4, 1, 2, 3, 3, 9, 13292613830
2012    Shut down or restart? (The Royal Society) 8, 10, 9, 7, 5, 3, 1, 3, 3, 3, 4, 716247327
2013ICER 2013 (Beth Simon, Alison Clear, Quintin I. Cutts) 9, 14, 2, 5, 3, 1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 4, 54195598
2015Proceedings of the Workshop in Primary and Secondary Computing Education, WiPSCE 2015, London, United Kingdom, November 9-11, 2015 (Judith Gal-Ezer, Sue Sentance, Jan Vahrenhold) 24, 14, 1, 6, 4, 2, 2, 4, 5, 5, 832130875
2017Informatische Bildung zum Verstehen und Gestalten der digitalen Welt (Ira Diethelm) 54, 13, 15, 8, 8, 8, 10, 10, 142518614140
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Texte
Jahr UmschlagTitelAbrufeIBOBKBLB
1996    An Exploration in the Space of Mathematics Educations (Seymour Papert) 332633
2006    Computational Thinking (Jeannette M. Wing) 6, 14, 8, 22, 12, 16, 16, 15, 6, 6, 3, 13672113526
2013    The zones of proximal flow (Ashok R. Basawapatna, Alexander Repenning, Kyu Han Koh, Hilarie Nickerson) 6, 4, 2, 4, 3, 3, 2, 3, 2, 2, 1, 3317362
2015    A Pilot Computer Science and Programming Course for Primary School Students (Caitlin Duncan, Tim Bell) 5, 6, 2, 6, 4, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1213130
2017    Remaining Trouble Spots with Computational Thinking (Peter Denning) 20, 1, 8, 3, 4, 8, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 5230563
2017    Vom Lehrplan zur Lehrerinnenbildung (Beat Döbeli Honegger, Michael Hielscher) 60, 13, 11, 6, 6, 9, 6, 6, 97309126

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