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The effects of first programming language on college students’ computing attitude and achievement

a comparison of graphical and textual languages
Chen Chen, Paulina Haduong, Karen Brennan, Gerhard Sonnert, Philip Sadler
Erstpublikation in: Computer Science Education
Publikationsdatum:
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Background and Context: The relationship between novices’ first programming language and their future achievement has drawn increasing interest owing to recent efforts to expand K–12 computing education. This article contributes to this topic by analyzing data from are trospective study of more than 10,000 undergraduates enrolled in introductory computer science courses at 118 U.S. institutions of higher education.
Objective: We explored the relationship between students’ first programming languages and both their final grades in an introductory computer science course and their attitudes about programming.
Method: Multiple matching techniques compared those whose first language was graphical (e.g., Scratch), textual (e.g., Java), or absent prior to college.
Findings: Having any prior programming experience had positive effects on both attitudes about programming and grades in introductory computer science courses. Importantly, students whose first language was graphical had higher grades than did students whose first language was textual, when the languages were introduced in or before early adolescent years.
Implications: Learning any computer language is better than learning none. If programming is to be taught to students before early adolescence, it is advised to start with a graphical language. Future work should investigate the transition between different types of programming languages.
Von Chen Chen, Paulina Haduong, Karen Brennan, Gerhard Sonnert, Philip Sadler im Text The effects of first programming language on college students’ computing attitude and achievement (2018)

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Personen
KB IB clear
Neil Anderson, Michal Armoni, David Bau, Diane A. Baxter, Mordechai Ben-Ari, Karen Brennan, Neil Brown, Quinn Burke, Lyn Courtney, Jan Cuny, Evelyn Eastmond, Stacey Ecott, Judith Gal-Ezer, Daniel D. Garcia, Joanna Goode, Jeff Gray, Mark Guzdial, Michael Hewner, Leanne M. Hirshfield, Yasmin B. Kafai, Caitlin Kelleher, Maria Knobelsdorf, Michael Kölling, Colin Lankshear, Henry H. Leitner, David J. Malan, John Maloney, Orni Meerbaum-Salant, Amon Millner, Andrés Monroy-Hernández, Ralph Morelli, Malcolm Morrison, Timothy S. Newman, Randy Pausch, Kris Powers, Mitchel Resnick, Anthony Robins, Eric Rosenbaum, Janet Rountree, Nathan Rountree, Natalie Rusk, Martina Schollmeyer, Carsten Schulte, Josh Sheldon, Jay Silver, Brian Silverman, Phil Stevens, Carolyn Timms, Franklyn A. Turbak, David Weintrop, Susan Wiedenbeck, Uri Wilensky, Ursula Wolz, Ela Zur

Fragen
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Welche Programmiersprache eignet sich für die Schule?Which programming language is suitable for school?

Aussagen
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Blockbasierte Sprachen erleichtern den Einstieg ins Programmierenblock programming interfaces improve novice programming performance
Programmieren ist schwierig

Begriffe
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blockbasierte Programmierumgebungenvisual programming language, Informatikcomputer science, Programmierenprogramming, Programmiersprachenprogramming languages, Scratch
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Bücher
Jahr  Umschlag Titel Abrufe IBOBKBLB
1996SIGCSE 1996 (John Impagliazzo, Elizabeth S. Adams, Karl J. Klee) 9, 18, 10, 5, 5, 9, 8, 14, 10, 1, 2, 241892221
2001SIGCSE 2001 (Henry MacKay Walker, Renée McCauley, Judith L. Gersting, Ingrid Russell) 5, 8, 19, 12, 9, 9, 8, 10, 13, 20, 1, 442504264
2003Computer Science Education 2/20038, 5, 15, 11, 8, 8, 7, 9, 11, 12, 3, 121121316
2005ICER 2005 (Richard J. Anderson, Sally Fincher, Mark Guzdial) 13, 20, 13, 10, 10, 10, 10, 17, 14, 1, 1, 521605382
2007ICER 2007 (Richard J. Anderson, Sally Fincher, Mark Guzdial) 7, 10, 18, 11, 12, 12, 8, 11, 14, 12, 1, 226502376
2007SIGCSE 2007 (Ingrid Russell, Susan M. Haller, J. D. Dougherty, Susan H. Rodger) 1633900
2008ICER 2008 (Michael E. Caspersen, Raymond Lister, Mike Clancy) 10, 21, 10, 11, 11, 10, 14, 13, 19, 6, 1, 437474381
2008SIGCSE 2008 (J. D. Dougherty, Susan H. Rodger, Sue Fitzgerald, Mark Guzdial) 12, 17, 12, 10, 10, 9, 13, 11, 14, 2, 1, 5163465311
2009SIGCSE 2009 (Sue Fitzgerald, Mark Guzdial, Gary Lewandowski, Steven A. Wolfman) 13, 19, 15, 10, 10, 9, 10, 14, 16, 1, 1, 4143364287
2010ITiCSE 2010 (Reyyan Ayfer, John Impagliazzo, Cary Laxer) 35, 33, 18, 12, 12, 12, 15, 18, 18, 7, 6, 2119237211742
2011ITiCSE 2011 (Guido Rößling, Thomas L. Naps, Christian Spannagel) 24, 24, 22, 10, 10, 17, 16, 20, 32, 5, 1, 1339318132776
2013Proceedings of the 8th Workshop in Primary and Secondary Computing Education, WiPSCE '13, Aarhus, Denmark, November 11-13, 2013 (Michael E. Caspersen, Maria Knobelsdorf, Ralf Romeike) 9, 19, 13, 10, 10, 13, 8, 15, 15, 1, 1, 4131554331
2014  local Connected Code (Yasmin B. Kafai, Quinn Burke) 16, 20, 17, 13, 13, 10, 11, 24, 17, 3, 3, 6151076940
2014SIGCSE 2014 (J. D. Dougherty, Kris Nagel, Adrienne Decker, Kurt Eiselt) 10, 21, 14, 7, 7, 12, 8, 15, 19, 2, 2, 5185815430
2015ICER 2015 (Brian Dorn, Judy Sheard, Quintin I. Cutts) 9, 18, 17, 12, 15, 15, 15, 14, 18, 20, 1, 2362062502
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Texte
Jahr  Umschlag Titel Abrufe IBOBKBLB
local web Learnable Programming (David Bau, Jeff Gray, Caitlin Kelleher, Josh Sheldon, Franklyn A. Turbak) 6, 10, 18, 9, 9, 9, 8, 8, 13, 14, 2, 43204276
1996 local web Computer programming in high school vs. college (Martina Schollmeyer) 2400
2001 local web A study of the impact of student background and preparedness on outcomes in CS I (Malcolm Morrison, Timothy S. Newman) 1400
2003 local web Learning and Teaching Programming (Anthony Robins, Janet Rountree, Nathan Rountree) 15500
2005 local web Lowering the barriers to programming (Caitlin Kelleher, Randy Pausch) 6, 10, 18, 11, 9, 9, 11, 12, 12, 16, 1, 134171589
2005 local web Factors affecting the success of non-majors in learning to program (Susan Wiedenbeck) 1, 4, 8, 4, 5, 5, 3, 3, 12, 4, 2, 2222132
2007 local web Because it’s boring, irrelevant and I don’t like computers (Neil Anderson, Colin Lankshear, Carolyn Timms, Lyn Courtney) 7, 5, 15, 11, 4, 4, 8, 8, 14, 11, 1, 1671384
2007 local web Attitudes towards computer science-computing experiences as a starting point and barrier to computer science (Carsten Schulte, Maria Knobelsdorf) 7, 6, 7, 15, 12, 7, 7, 10, 9, 12, 13, 2882317
2007 local web Through the looking glass (Kris Powers, Stacey Ecott, Leanne M. Hirshfield) 3400
2007 local web Scratch for budding computer scientists (David J. Malan, Henry H. Leitner) 3400
2008 local web Attitudes about computing in postsecondary graduates (Michael Hewner, Mark Guzdial) 10, 7, 18, 9, 8, 8, 9, 9, 7, 10, 2, 1251233
2008 local web Increasing diversity in k-12 computer science (Joanna Goode) 1500
2009 local web Starting with scratch in CS 1 (Ursula Wolz, Henry H. Leitner, David J. Malan, John Maloney) 1400
2009 local web Scratch: Programming for All (Mitchel Resnick, John Maloney, Andrés Monroy-Hernández, Natalie Rusk, Evelyn Eastmond, Karen Brennan, Amon Millner, Eric Rosenbaum, Jay Silver, Brian Silverman, Yasmin B. Kafai) 15, 18, 16, 16, 16, 13, 13, 19, 28, 3, 1, 448284879
2010Greenroom (Neil Brown, Phil Stevens, Michael Kölling) 1200
2011 local Habits of programming in scratch (Orni Meerbaum-Salant, Michal Armoni, Mordechai Ben-Ari) 11, 11, 19, 12, 12, 12, 10, 9, 14, 19, 2, 518105614
2013 local web What (else) should CS educators know? (Judith Gal-Ezer, Ela Zur) 2500
2014Coding for All (Yasmin B. Kafai, Quinn Burke) 1000
2014 local web CS principles professional development (Jan Cuny, Diane A. Baxter, Daniel D. Garcia, Jeff Gray, Ralph Morelli) 1400
2015 local web To Block or not to Block, That is the Question (David Weintrop, Uri Wilensky) 7, 19, 13, 10, 10, 8, 11, 21, 7, 3, 1, 412194417
2015 local web Using Commutative Assessments to Compare Conceptual Understanding in Blocks-based and Text-based Programs (David Weintrop, Uri Wilensky) 13, 19, 9, 12, 12, 10, 8, 14, 13, 11, 1, 48254311

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