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The effects of first programming language on college students’ computing attitude and achievement

a comparison of graphical and textual languages
Chen Chen, Paulina Haduong, Karen Brennan, Gerhard Sonnert, Philip Sadler
Erstpublikation in: Computer Science Education
Publikationsdatum:
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Background and Context: The relationship between novices’ first programming language and their future achievement has drawn increasing interest owing to recent efforts to expand K–12 computing education. This article contributes to this topic by analyzing data from are trospective study of more than 10,000 undergraduates enrolled in introductory computer science courses at 118 U.S. institutions of higher education.
Objective: We explored the relationship between students’ first programming languages and both their final grades in an introductory computer science course and their attitudes about programming.
Method: Multiple matching techniques compared those whose first language was graphical (e.g., Scratch), textual (e.g., Java), or absent prior to college.
Findings: Having any prior programming experience had positive effects on both attitudes about programming and grades in introductory computer science courses. Importantly, students whose first language was graphical had higher grades than did students whose first language was textual, when the languages were introduced in or before early adolescent years.
Implications: Learning any computer language is better than learning none. If programming is to be taught to students before early adolescence, it is advised to start with a graphical language. Future work should investigate the transition between different types of programming languages.
Von Chen Chen, Paulina Haduong, Karen Brennan, Gerhard Sonnert, Philip Sadler im Text The effects of first programming language on college students’ computing attitude and achievement (2018)

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Personen
KB IB clear
Neil Anderson, Michal Armoni, David Bau, Diane A. Baxter, Mordechai Ben-Ari, Karen Brennan, Neil Brown, Quinn Burke, Lyn Courtney, Jan Cuny, Evelyn Eastmond, Stacey Ecott, Judith Gal-Ezer, Daniel D. Garcia, Joanna Goode, Jeff Gray, Mark Guzdial, Michael Hewner, Leanne M. Hirshfield, Yasmin B. Kafai, Caitlin Kelleher, Maria Knobelsdorf, Michael Kölling, Colin Lankshear, Henry H. Leitner, David J. Malan, John Maloney, Orni Meerbaum-Salant, Amon Millner, Andrés Monroy-Hernández, Ralph Morelli, Malcolm Morrison, Timothy S. Newman, Randy Pausch, Kris Powers, Mitchel Resnick, Anthony Robins, Eric Rosenbaum, Janet Rountree, Nathan Rountree, Natalie Rusk, Martina Schollmeyer, Carsten Schulte, Josh Sheldon, Jay Silver, Brian Silverman, Phil Stevens, Carolyn Timms, Franklyn A. Turbak, David Weintrop, Susan Wiedenbeck, Uri Wilensky, Ursula Wolz, Ela Zur

Fragen
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Welche Programmiersprache eignet sich für die Schule?Which programming language is suitable for school?

Aussagen
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Blockbasierte Sprachen erleichtern den Einstieg ins Programmierenblock programming interfaces improve novice programming performance
Programmieren ist schwierig

Begriffe
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blockbasierte Programmiersprachenvisual programming language, Informatikcomputer science, Programmierenprogramming, Programmiersprachenprogramming languages, Scratch
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Bücher
Jahr UmschlagTitelAbrufeIBOBKBLB
1996Proceedings of the 27th SIGCSE Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education, 1996, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, February 15-17, 1996 (John Impagliazzo, Elizabeth S. Adams, Karl J. Klee) 2, 1118313
2001Proceedings of the 32rd SIGCSE Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education, 2001, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, 2001 (Henry MacKay Walker, Renée A. McCauley, Judith L. Gersting, Ingrid Russell) 1, 1, 2124124
2003Computer Science Education 2/20031, 2, 1, 1, 5, 2, 2, 1, 1, 3, 4, 2158296
2005ICER 2005 (Richard J. Anderson, Sally Fincher, Mark Guzdial) 3, 5, 5, 2, 4, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 4, 48554107
2007ICER 2007 (Richard J. Anderson, Sally Fincher, Mark Guzdial) 4, 6, 6, 6, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 312433111
2007Proceedings of the 38th SIGCSE Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education, SIGCSE 2007, Covington, Kentucky, USA, March 7-11, 2007 (Ingrid Russell, Susan M. Haller, J. D. Dougherty, Susan H. Rodger) 333400
2008ICER 2008 (Michael E. Caspersen, Raymond Lister, Mike Clancy) 5, 3, 3, 3, 3, 1, 2, 1, 1, 2, 2, 31339399
2008Proceedings of the 39th SIGCSE Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education, SIGCSE 2008, Portland, OR, USA, March 12-15, 2008 (J. D. Dougherty, Susan H. Rodger, Sue Fitzgerald, Mark Guzdial) 2, 1, 2334225
2009Proceedings of the 40th SIGCSE Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education, SIGCSE 2009, Chattanooga, TN, USA, March 4-7, 2009 (Sue Fitzgerald, Mark Guzdial, Gary Lewandowski, Steven A. Wolfman) 1, 1, 1, 1231514
2010ITiCSE 2010 (Reyyan Ayfer, John Impagliazzo, Cary Laxer) 16, 16, 9, 12, 10, 8, 4, 5, 13, 10, 10, 121623512999
2011ITiCSE 2011 (Guido Rößling, Thomas L. Naps, Christian Spannagel) 12, 12, 5, 15, 18, 7, 3, 6, 10, 12, 12, 1042317102123
2013Proceedings of the 8th Workshop in Primary and Secondary Computing Education, WiPSCE '13, Aarhus, Denmark, November 11-13, 2013 (Michael E. Caspersen, Maria Knobelsdorf, Ralf Romeike) 2, 2, 4, 2, 2, 3, 1, 2, 1, 1, 3, 23151262
2014    Connected Code (Yasmin B. Kafai, Quinn Burke) 9, 9, 9, 17, 7, 4, 5, 3, 4, 4, 5, 811958459
2014The 45th ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education, SIGCSE '14, Atlanta, GA, USA - March 05 - 08, 2014 (J. D. Dougherty, Kris Nagel, Adrienne Decker, Kurt Eiselt) 2, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1, 11577144
2015ICER 2015 (Brian Dorn, Judy Sheard, Quintin I. Cutts) 4, 4, 3, 5, 4, 2, 3, 4, 1, 3, 3, 5182025144
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Texte
Jahr UmschlagTitelAbrufeIBOBKBLB
   Learnable Programming (David Bau, Jeff Gray, Caitlin Kelleher, Josh Sheldon, Franklyn A. Turbak) 1, 4, 4, 4, 4, 2, 2, 1, 2, 1, 4, 2320269
1996    Computer programming in high school vs. college (Martina Schollmeyer) 1400
2001    A study of the impact of student background and preparedness on outcomes in CS I (Malcolm Morrison, Timothy S. Newman) 1400
2003    Learning and Teaching Programming (Anthony Robins, Janet Rountree, Nathan Rountree) 12500
2005    Lowering the barriers to programming (Caitlin Kelleher, Randy Pausch) 2, 2, 1, 7, 6, 2, 2, 4, 5, 1, 6, 729177369
2005    Factors affecting the success of non-majors in learning to program (Susan Wiedenbeck) 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 5, 1, 1, 1, 1, 112117
2007    Because it’s boring, irrelevant and I don’t like computers (Neil Anderson, Colin Lankshear, Carolyn Timms, Lyn Courtney) 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 1, 1, 4, 5, 3673206
2007    Attitudes towards computer science-computing experiences as a starting point and barrier to computer science (Carsten Schulte, Maria Knobelsdorf) 1, 3, 3, 3, 1, 3, 1, 2, 2, 3, 4, 548568
2007    Through the looking glass (Kris Powers, Stacey Ecott, Leanne M. Hirshfield) 1400
2007    Scratch for budding computer scientists (David J. Malan, Henry H. Leitner) 1400
2008    Attitudes about computing in postsecondary graduates (Michael Hewner, Mark Guzdial) 1, 3, 1, 3, 3, 3, 2, 1, 2, 1, 4, 325353
2008    Increasing diversity in k-12 computer science (Joanna Goode) 1500
2009    Starting with scratch in CS 1 (Ursula Wolz, Henry H. Leitner, David J. Malan, John Maloney) 1400
2009    Scratch: Programming for All (Mitchel Resnick, John Maloney, Andrés Monroy-Hernández, Natalie Rusk, Evelyn Eastmond, Karen Brennan, Amon Millner, Eric Rosenbaum, Jay Silver, Brian Silverman, Yasmin B. Kafai) 5, 5, 4, 9, 12, 4, 3, 4, 9, 1, 6, 740287488
2010Greenroom (Neil Brown, Phil Stevens, Michael Kölling) 1200
2011   Habits of programming in scratch (Orni Meerbaum-Salant, Michal Armoni, Mordechai Ben-Ari) 5, 5, 5, 4, 7, 6, 5, 3, 1, 2, 3, 715107337
2013    What (else) should CS educators know? (Judith Gal-Ezer, Ela Zur) 2500
2014Coding for All (Yasmin B. Kafai, Quinn Burke) 1000
2014    CS principles professional development (Jan Cuny, Diane A. Baxter, Daniel D. Garcia, Jeff Gray, Ralph Morelli) 1400
2015    To Block or not to Block, That is the Question (David Weintrop, Uri Wilensky) 4, 4, 4, 6, 4, 4, 1, 1, 2, 1, 6, 58195107
2015    Using Commutative Assessments to Compare Conceptual Understanding in Blocks-based and Text-based Programs (David Weintrop, Uri Wilensky) 1, 3, 1, 1, 1, 6, 3, 2, 2, 2, 3, 4525474

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