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Concepts before coding

non-programming interactives to advance learning of introductory programming concepts in middle school
Shuchi Grover, Nicholas Jackiw, Patrik Lundh
Erstpublikation in: Computer Science Education, 2019
Publikationsdatum:
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Shuchi GroverBackground and Context: Learners struggle with conceptual understanding of introductory programming concepts such as variables, expressions, and loops.
Objective: We examine whether and how designed activities for conceptual exploration support preliminary engagement with and learning of foundational and often hard-to-grasp programming concepts for students in grades 6–8.
Method: Drawing on principles from dynamic mathematics, we developed a suite of non-programming digital and unplugged activities embedded in a curriculum before students engage in Scratch block-based programming. We conducted empirical research in three middle school classrooms in diverse urban US schools and examined student performance through mixed qualitative and quantitative methods.
Findings: Learning gains were significant and not predicted by grade, gender or prior academic preparation. Free-choice projects of students showed statistically greater (correct) use of key concepts compared to those not in the study. Implications: Our work demonstrates the promise of novel approaches such as interactive non-programming activities for deeper understanding of programming concepts.
Von Shuchi Grover, Nicholas Jackiw, Patrik Lundh im Text Concepts before coding (2019)

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Personen
KB IB clear
Edith Ackermann, Michal Armoni, Satabdi Basu, Mordechai Ben-Ari, Shuchi Grover, Michael J. Hannafin, Idit Harel, D. Midian Kurland, Colleen M. Lewis, Orni Meerbaum-Salant, Seymour Papert, Roy Pea, Anthony Robins, Janet Rountree, Nathan Rountree, Patricia K. Schank, Niral Shah, Feng Wang

Begriffe
KB IB clear
Abstraktion, Mathematikmathematics, Programmierenprogramming, Schuleschool, Scratch
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Bücher
Jahr UmschlagTitelAbrufeIBOBKBLB
1990Constructionism (Idit Harel, Seymour Papert) 4, 4, 2, 11, 7, 6, 4, 3, 6, 9, 10, 7964071049
2003Computer Science Education 2/20031, 2, 1, 1, 5, 2, 2, 1, 1, 3, 4, 2148296
2011ITiCSE 2011 (Guido Rößling, Thomas L. Naps, Christian Spannagel) 12, 12, 5, 15, 18, 7, 3, 6, 10, 12, 12, 1042317102123
2012Proceedings of the 43rd ACM technical symposium on Computer science education, SIGCSE 2012, Raleigh, NC, USA, February 29 - March 3, 2012 (Laurie A. Smith King, David R. Musicant, Tracy Camp, Paul T. Tymann) 1, 2, 2, 1254316
2013Computer Science Education 3/20134, 4, 3, 6, 7, 6, 4, 3, 1, 2, 2, 38423169
2018    Proceedings of the 49th ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education, SIGCSE 2018, Baltimore, MD, USA, February 21-24, 2018 (Tiffany Barnes, Daniel D. Garcia, Elizabeth K. Hawthorne, Manuel A. Pérez-Quiñones) 64, 7, 3, 232276
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Texte
Jahr UmschlagTitelAbrufeIBOBKBLB
   Piaget’s Constructivism, Papert’s Constructionism (Edith Ackermann) 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 5, 15, 2, 1, 4, 4, 22621196
1984    On the cognitive effects of learning computer programming (Roy Pea, D. Midian Kurland) 3, 3, 6, 6, 4, 5, 2, 1, 3, 2, 5, 426154207
1990    Situating Constructionism (Seymour Papert, Idit Harel) 2, 2, 3, 6, 4, 3, 1, 2, 4, 3, 3, 436114601
2003    Learning and Teaching Programming (Anthony Robins, Janet Rountree, Nathan Rountree) 11500
2005    Design-based research and technology-enhanced learning environments (Feng Wang, Michael J. Hannafin) 4, 4, 2, 7, 6, 3, 3, 1, 3, 7, 7, 29102399
2011   Habits of programming in scratch (Orni Meerbaum-Salant, Michal Armoni, Mordechai Ben-Ari) 5, 5, 5, 4, 7, 6, 5, 3, 1, 2, 3, 715107337
2012    Building upon and enriching grade four mathematics standards with programming curriculum (Colleen M. Lewis, Niral Shah) 2600
2013    Learning computer science concepts with Scratch (Orni Meerbaum-Salant, Michal Armoni, Mordechai Ben-Ari) 4, 4, 2, 8, 5, 9, 2, 2, 4, 1, 10, 78357143
2018    What We Can Learn About Student Learning From Open-Ended Programming Projects in Middle School Computer Science (Shuchi Grover, Satabdi Basu, Patricia K. Schank) 2400

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