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Engineering and Technology Concepts: Key Ideas That Students Should Understand

Michael Hacker
Zu finden in: Handbook of Technology Education (Seite 173 bis 191), 2017    
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Competencies people need to be well educated will vary in response to societal waves of change. As STEM education grows in popularity worldwide, interest is increasing in using this paradigm to break down the traditional conception of the four component subjects as individual 'silos” of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. In the United States, Engineering and Technology education (ETE) is seen as a route through which the four disciplines can be integrated. In Europe, 30 countries promote and support STEM collaboration.
The evolution of ETE from its craft-oriented and industrial roots has resulted in a demand for new curriculum - driven not only by contemporary workforce and employability demands but by other values-driven aspirations that educators, parents, and policy makers hold for students.
Since the 1980s, conceptual learning has been defined by curricular learning standards and associated performance expectations (often quite numerous) that, when attained, are presumed to provide disciplinary competence. In this chapter, the author suggests that revisiting a small set of transferable ETE thematic ideas in different contexts can complement learning of standards-based domain-specific concepts and skills. Doing so would make instruction more manageable and enable students to assimilate a more holistic understanding of engineering and technology.
The chapter draws upon research studies that established a consensus of expert opinion about the most important ETE competencies high school students should attain within five thematic categories that consistently appear in the literature: (a) design, (b) modeling, (c) systems, (d) resources, and (e) human values.
Two case studies are offered as examples. The first exemplifies how a cutting-edge technology company looks to hire new employees with a broad mix of skills. The second describes a new ETE curriculum model that integrates important concepts within authentic social contexts and supports the fundamental purposes of education.
Von Michael Hacker im Buch Handbook of Technology Education (2017) im Text Engineering and Technology Concepts: Key Ideas That Students Should Understand

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Mathematikmathematics, MINTscience, technology, engineering, mathematics, Paradigmaparadigm

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