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Prediction: A Profound Paradigm Shift

Kathleen M. Fisher
Zu finden in: XML Topic Maps, 2002   
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iconZusammenfassungen

Topic maps are included in a class of objects we refer to as knowledge ivebs. A knowledge web is an interconnected web of ideas that conveys in skeletal form not only a set of ideas but also how those ideas are organized and interrelated. The general term, knowledge web, includes but is not limited to concept maps, semantic networks, cluster maps, mind maps, circle diagrams, flow charts, and topic maps [Fisher et al. 2000]. Berners-Lee and colleagues [2001] recently wrote about the Semantic Web to make Internet technology smarter, and this is die goal of topic maps as well. Fisher and colleagues [2000] as well as many others are similarly interested in using semantic knowledge webs to make people smarter. Eventually, connections will be made between the knowledge webs created to make machines smarter and the knowledge webs created for human use. Presumably, topic maps and agents will be involved in making these connections.
This nontechnical chapter is relevant to this book in at least three ways. First, it predicts a profound paradigm shift in the ways in which humans communicate on the Web. Second, it considers the potential impacts of such a paradigm shift. And third, it describes some of what has been learned during half a Century of research on the use of knowledge webs by humans. Topic map designers and implementers would do well to consider and learn from these ideas and experiences since topic maps are being created in the Service of human users.
This chapter begins with a brief examination of the significance of language. It reviews several of the revolutions that have occurred as language has evolved. The goal is to share with you, the reader, a sense of the power of language. Vast and reverberating impacts have been associated with changes in the ways in which we use language. I propose that another change is occurring, one that will also have an enormous impact on what and how we think, how we build consensus, and how we solve problems. It is Happening now, even as we resist.
The Lightness of Being section describes the manner of communication I imagine will become the Standard on die Web. It describes die user interface, not the programming that imderlies it (which is the subject of much of the rest of the book).
After that appears a brief history of knowledge mapping and education. (More complete treatments can be found in Wandersee [2000]; Fisher et al. [2000]; Mintzes et al. [1997]; and Novak [1998].) Next I contrast the ephemeral nature of many new ideas with what the research says about semantic networks and learning. Finally, I describe the paradigm shift that is under way, due entirely to our latest development in communication, the World Wide Web.
Von Kathleen M. Fisher im Buch XML Topic Maps (2002) im Text Prediction: A Profound Paradigm Shift

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Personen
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D.P. Ausubel, Katherine Beissner, Susan Blackmore, Tony Buzan, Barry Buzan, Ernst von Glasersfeld, David H. Jonassen, Joseph D. Novak, Neil Postman, L. B. Resnick, Lew Semjonowitsch Vygotsky, Michael Yacci

Aussagen
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Concept Maps fördern das Lernenconcept maps foster learning

Begriffe
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Concept MapConcept Map, HyperCardHyperCard, Internetinternet, Konstruktivismusconstructivism, Lernenlearning, Metakognitionmetacognition, Mind MapMind Map, Problemproblem, semantic netsemantic net, Semantic Websemantic web, Sprachelanguage, Topic MapsTopic Maps, WWW (World Wide Web)World Wide Web
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Bücher
Jahr UmschlagTitelAbrufeIBOBKBLB
1930Mind in Society (Lew Semjonowitsch Vygotsky) 5, 4, 7, 11, 5, 4, 5, 3, 17, 4, 8, 1213718121367
1963The Psychology of Meaningful Verbal Learning (D.P. Ausubel) 23000
1968Educational Psychology (D.P. Ausubel) 28000
1982   The disappearance of childhood (Neil Postman) 2, 4, 4, 3, 4, 3, 5, 4, 4, 2, 4, 104334102509
1992   Technopoly (Neil Postman) 3, 4, 4, 4, 5, 8, 9, 3, 5, 4, 6, 104285103103
1993Structural knowledge (David H. Jonassen, Katherine Beissner, Michael Yacci) 2, 2, 5, 1, 2, 2, 5, 2, 2, 3, 3, 62406777
1997    Das Mind-Map-Buch (Tony Buzan, Barry Buzan) 3, 3, 4, 6, 2, 6, 3, 5, 3, 6, 8, 102535107058
1997  Wege des Wissens (Ernst von Glasersfeld) 5, 10, 8, 14, 6, 5, 7, 6, 5, 4, 6, 1026207108759
1998  Learning, Creating, and Using Knowledge (Joseph D. Novak) 2, 4, 2, 3, 2, 5, 1, 5, 3, 2, 3, 8215081705
1999The Meme Machine (Susan Blackmore) 7200
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Texte
Jahr UmschlagTitelAbrufeIBOBKBLB
1987Learning in School and out (L. B. Resnick) 14000
1997Kognition, Konstruktion des Wissens und Unterricht (Ernst von Glasersfeld) 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 6, 5, 2, 4, 3, 5, 874081139

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Nicht erwähnte Begriffe
Behaviorismus, Mappingverfahren, RDF, Topics

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