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Teaching children thinking

Logo Memo No. 2
Erstpublikation in: Proc. IFIP World Conf. on Computer Education
Publikationsdatum:
Zu finden in: The Computer in the School (Seite 160 bis 176), 1980  
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iconZusammenfassungen

Seymour PapertThis paper is dedicated to the hope that someone with power to act will one day see that contemporary research on education is like the following experiment by a nineteenth century engineer who worked to demonstrate that engines were better than horses. This he did by hitching a 1/8 HP motor in parallel with his team of four strong stallions. After a year of statistical research he announced a significant difference. However, it was generally thought that there was a Hawthorne effect on the horses.
Von Seymour Papert im Buch The Computer in the School im Text Teaching children thinking (1970)
Seymour PapertThe phrase 'technology and education' usually means inventing new gadgets to teach the same old stuff in a thinly disguised version of the same old way. Moreover, if the gadgets are computers, the same old teaching becomes biased towards its dullest parts, namely the kind of rote learning in which measurable results can be obtained by treating the children like pigeons in a Skinner box.
The purpose of this essay is to present a grander vision of an educational system in which technology is used not in the form of machines for processing children but as something the child himself will learn to manipulate, to extend, to apply to projects, thereby gaining a greater and more articulate mastery of the world, a sense of the power of applied knowledge and a self-confidently realistic image of himself as an intellectual agent. Stated more simply, I believe with Dewey, Montessori and Piaget that children learn by doing and by thinking about what they do. And so the fundamental ingredients of educational innovation must be better things to do and better ways to think about oneself doing these things.
Von Seymour Papert im Buch The Computer in the School im Text Teaching children thinking (1970)

iconBemerkungen

Seymour PapertThis paper is dedicated to the hope that someone with power to act will one day see that contemporary research on education is like the following experiment by a nineteenth centuiy engineer who worked to demonstrate that engines were better than horses. This he did by hitching a 1/8 HP motor in parallel with his team of four strong stallions. After a year of statistical research he announced a signifcant difference. However, it was generally thought that there was a Hawthorne effect on the horses
Von Seymour Papert im Text Teaching children thinking (1970)
Seymour PapertThe purpose of this essay is to present a grander vision of an educational system in which technology is used not in the form of machines for processmg children but as something the child himself will learn to manipulate, to extend, to apply to projects, thereby gaining a greater and more articulate mastery of the world, a sense oi'the power of applied knowledge and a self-confidently realistic image of himself as an intellectual agent. Stated more simply, I believe with Dewey, Montessori and Piaget that children learn by doing and by thinking about what they do. And so the fundamental ingredients of educational innovation must be better things to do and better ways to think about oneself doing these things.
Von Seymour Papert im Text Teaching children thinking (1970)

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Personen
KB IB clear
John Dewey, Maria Montessori, Jean Piaget

Begriffe
KB IB clear
CAIcomputer aided instruction, Computercomputer, Denkenthinking, Informatikcomputer science, Kinderchildren, Lernenlearning, LISP, LOGO (Programmiersprache)LOGO (programming language), MIT

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Seymour PapertIt is said that the best way to learn something is to teach it. Perhaps writing a teaching program is better still in its insistance on forcing one to consider all possible misunderstandings and mistakes.
von Seymour Papert im Text Teaching children thinking (1970)
Seymour PapertThe phrase 'technology and education' usually means inventing new gadgets to teach the same old stuff in a thinly disguised version of the same old way. Moreover, if the gadgets are computers, the same old teaching becomes biased towards its dullest parts, namely the kind of rote learning in which measurable results can be obtained by treating the children like pigeons in a Skinner box.
von Seymour Papert im Text Teaching children thinking (1970)

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    Akademie Dillingen, 26.01.2008

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